Art glossary/ Gallery Nagaragawa / Antique Japanese hanging scrolls

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Yamatoe is a style of the depiction that had been cultivated under the Japanese indigenous natural features and customs.

nanga ( Bunjinga )

Nanga ( bunjinga ) was a school of Japanese painting in the late edo period, had been influenced by Chinese literati painting. Nanga ( bunjinga ) painter almost always depicted Chinese subjects such as landscapes, birds, flowers and other, with having admiration for traditional Chinese culture.

Tosa school

Tosa school is a school of Japanese painting "Yamatoe", was founded in Heian period ( 15th century ).


Painting with Chinese poem, a traditional style of Oriental painting


Original box, usually made of paulownia wood, that holds a hanging scroll. On the lid are the title of work and signature inscribed by the artist.


Box, usually made of paulownia, that holds a hanging scroll. The lid is not inscribed with the title of work or signature by the artist.


Outer box that holds an inner box containing a hanging scroll. In most cases a lacquered paulownia box.


To mount a work of art onto a hanging scroll or byobu screen using traditional techniques and materials (mainly silk fabric, washi paper, and starch paste). “Hyougu” sometimes refers to the decorative surface around the work.


Silk fabric or brocade with gold foil woven into it


Burnished silk fabric, made from raw silk.

Ivory tips

Hanging scrolls with ivory tips can't clear customs or export. The ivory tips will be replaced with tips of other materials for overseas trade.

condition index

kou / Ever good

otsu / Good

hei / Slightly damaged but adequate artistic merit

tei / Damaged but adequate artistic merit